Essay on Enlightenment
- February 16, 2017
- Posted by: admin
- Category: Free Essay samples
Hunt in Politics, Culture, and Class in the French Revolution describes the revolutionary overflow of ideas, activities, and metaphorical representations as a unified text. For her the web of presumptions in these behaviors gave for revolutionary hopes and dreams. Thus the political custom of the Revolution was, heedless of the regress and drifts of the period, was in principle democratic.
The French Revolution not as a stage brings about the enlightenment on the march from feudal to middle class society, or from old government kingship to the prevalent bureaucratic state, just as a new political culture. Thus the culture formed in the political vacuity that the French monarchy constructed between 1787 and 1789, when it avowed insolvent and thereby doomed its moral authority. Hence, this vacuity was occupied by a new political rhetoric, constructed out of Enlightenment elements that captured the imperious heights of memoir and put to use the power that resolute ideological signals maintain at important eras.
In her book, Lynn Hunt analyzed the rhetoric, symbols, rituals, and imagery of this new political culture while explaining the French Revolution as a modernistic political class described by the political culture that its members shared. The political class mentioned had nothing to do with the Marxist social class; rather it was a socially diversified class. Thus, the common feature among the members of the neoteric enlightenment was an association to definite values that were formed in large measure by communal cultural stances.
Even if the Marxism is understood lavishly the new political class can be thought of encompassing the middle class. Thus the new enlightenment formation can be thought both as a social strata and class differentiation. But the enlightenment only elucidates a part of the history of American cultural ties and the French revolution as just culture of the revolutionaries. Though, Hunt has attempted to explains such phenomena, linking it to Marxism, but the exact formation of culture is not explained in the context of Thermidorian Reaction, the resistance of counterrevolutionaries, traditionalists, Roman Catholics, and the peasants of the West.
The enlightenment brought about by the Revolution has thus and so created a new pyramid of local notables for example, the clerics, and military men, and royal officials of the Old Regime give way to a new class of men, that are the merchants and manufacturers, and also the shopkeepers and artisans. This new culture formation captured the municipal governments while the national representation remained dominated by lawyers. But as Hunt pints out that this new formation of the political class would not be able to renew itself during the revolutionary decade. Thus the socially heterogeneous culture that has been formed is the result of and would continue to be in unison to the younger generation having the most common experience of public life but also to the democratic culture.
- Hunt, Lynn Avery (1984) Politics, Culture and Class in the French Revolution