Essay on Expectation of Candidate Countries from EU Membership
- February 14, 2017
- Posted by: admin
- Category: Free Essay
(First 3 Pages)
The Ottoman Empire was established in Asia Minor, in present day Turkey, in the 14th Century. From a miniature geographical base the territory rapidly increased to integrate all of Anatolia in the east and Macedonia, Bulgaria, Serbia, Greece, Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina in the west. Constantinople was taken over in 1453, renamed Istanbul and made the regal capital and the hub of Sunni Islam. Throughout the 16th Century the territory enlarges southward into Syria, Palestine and Egypt and westward into Hungary and onto the gates of Vienna. North Africa up to the Moroccan frontier was taken under Ottoman control. Kurdistan and Mesopotamia (present day Iraq) were taken from the Persians. Armenia in the severe east of Anatolia was incorporated. Azerbaijan was seized.
Fortune rotated at the end of the 17th Century when the Ottomans were enforced to surrender Hungary. The empire’s extended slither to nothingness has commenced. By the middle of the 19th Century it had developed into the “sick man of Europe”. During the 1860s and 1870s a group of Turkish intellectuals known as the ‘Young Ottomans’ called for restructuring, as well as the founding of an selected parliament and a written constitution. Abdülhamid II came to the thrown in 1876. He rapidly put into practice the key fundamentals of the reformist agenda but inside a year had the constitution on the brink and the empire’s first parliament dissolved. Unrest continued in the colonial outposts and at home.
Ottoman repressions of Armenian separatists during 1894-96 lead to the deaths of up to 300,000 Armenians throughout the empire and were condemned around the world. As unfriendliness with Abdülhamid developed, groups supporting the reinstatement of the 1876 constitution coiled up across the empire, integrating in 1908 under the banner of the Committee of Union and Progress (CUP), generally known as the ‘Young Turks’. Abdülhamid was enforced to give way when army units in Macedonia rebel. The constitution and parliamentary ruling was restored on 24 July 1908 (1)
At present, the agricultural hold up structures in Turkey is, in a number of noteworthy habits, dissimilar from those in the EU. The support systems in Turkey mostly centers on selected products sources of market price support and all the way through farm input subsidies. On the other hand, one of the primary objectives of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) of the EU is to offer shortest income support on the foundation of historical (reference) harvests mutually with a inclusive system of subsidies and involvement applied at production, import and export phases in order to defend and augment the competitiveness of agricultural products in global markets. In Turkey merely self-effacing quantity of money in latest years have been allocated to direct farm income support. Even despite the fact that Turkey’s agricultural sector might be quite spirited in certain products, the extreme price support system, not different the EU agriculture, has led to incompetence and has de-emphasized efficiency. Except, unhappily in Turkey’s case, price support policies were not victorious and did not produce targeted consequences for producer incomes, in view of the fact that subsidies were greatly aimed at certain farm inputs such as fertilizers and chemicals, and roofed just a restricted number of products. while, in EU’s case subsidies are complete and well thought out in terms of rising producer incomes. In Turkey, the support purchase prices, on top of the world average, caused an augment in the farming areas of certain crops, by this means ensuing in surplus production and forcing the state to buy surplus quantities, which in turn caused about high stock costs. With a sight to alleviating these problems, the system on “Direct Income Support for Farmers” is intended to be extended to the whole country as a novel means of agricultural support (2)
Foreign Policy and Social Rights
Turkey has established its resolution in guaranteeing the steadiness of self-governing institutions and improving human rights values. The decision in this view will be preserved, while protecting close co-operation with the NGOs as well as the international mechanisms (UN, EU, Council of Europe, OSCE, etc.). Bearing this resolve in mind, it remains fully dedicated to putting into practice the legitimate and lawful modifications in order to take away certain shortcomings in admiration of the functioning of its democratic system. In this procedure, it takes into report, inter alia, the principles put by the European Convention on Human Rights, the jurisprudence of the European Court of Human Rights and the aims devised in the National Programme for the acceptance of the EU Acquits. Increasing the performance of the judiciary in line with its promise to the rule of law, providing more effectual sanctions adjacent to claims of afflict and ill treatment lingers in the middle of the top priorities.